Tips for Healthy pregnancy
The birth of a first child is a major milestone in a woman’s life. It marks the end of one stage and the beginning of a new one. Whether to have a child or not is a decision that must be weighed carefully. It is not uncommon today for a couple to decide that for them the burdens outweigh the rewards. On the other hand, a couple who wait until they know they are ready for the responsibilities of a child often find that the commitment that results from such a decision increases their enjoyment of parenthood. A conscious decision that now is the right time for you to have a baby will help you to see beyond the problems and permit you to focus on the joys of pregnancy and parenthood.
Having a baby before finishing high school can create difficult, and often lifetime, psycho social and financial problems. Many women fear that having a first baby after age 35 will increase the risks. Older women face greater risks because they are more likely than younger ones to have a chronic disease, such as diabetes or hypertension. The fetal risks relate to these maternal risks and also to increased fetal genetic risks. However, healthy older women do well in pregnancy, and those with disease who get specialized modern clinical care generally do well also.
If you plan to delay your first pregnancy for some time, you can do several things in the preceding years to help assure future fertility and good health. Find out from a doctor whether you ovulate regularly and,if not, be evaluated and treated. Also, you should have periodic pelvic examinations and pap tests; get immunized, if necessary, against rubella; get family genetic histories assembled and be evaluated for personal genetic diseases or traits; maintain a nutritious diet; keep your body in good shape by exercising regularly; stop smoking altogether; minimize alcohol intake; and get good medical care promptly when necessary.
It is necessary to arrange drug test for the any virus. If you’ve been on the pills, stop taking it to allow your body some time to remove any unwanted substances from the pills. You should stop any bad habits such as smoking and drinking. Stop taking all over-the-counter medications, including aspirin, vitamins, and cough medicine one month before conceive. Have a session with your doctor about any and all your prescription medications and their potentially harmful effects on the fetus-to-be.
The reproductive process begins as your body hormones make the necessary changes to ripen an egg (ovum) in one of your ovaries. If you have a 28-day menstrual cycle, this will take place in the first 14 days of the cycle. As the egg ripens, it moves to the outer surface of the ovary. On about the fourteenth day ovulation occurs-a surge of hormones causes the egg to burst forth from the ovary. In a woman with a shorter or longer cycle, the day of ovulation will be sooner or later, as described below.
From the first day of the menstrual period to ovulation is the pre-ovulatory (also called the proliferative or follicular) phase. The post-ovulatory (also called the secretory or luteal) phase happens from ovulation until the next menstrual period. Regardless of the length of the menstrual cycle, the postovulatory phase lasts approximately fourteen days. The variation in women with shorter or longer cycles takes place in the first part of the cycle. For example, in a woman with a 21-day cycle the first part of the cycle lasts 7 days, ovulation takes place on the seventh day, and the second part of the cycle lasts 14 days. In a woman with a 35-day cycle the preovulatory phase lasts 21 days, ovulation occurs on the twenty-first day, and the postovulatory phase lasts 14 days.
During sexual intercourse, the semen is deposited in the vagina near the cervix. The sperm will move first through the cervical canal and then through the uterus to the Fallopian tubes. The best process is to fertilize an egg in the first 48 hours after intercourse. There are reports of sperm living as long as a week before fertilization in some cases. After ovulation the egg begins traveling down the Fallopian tube toward the uterus. The sperm usually meet the egg in the outer third of the Fallopian tube where one sperm penetrates the egg to fertilize it. The egg is fertilized within 4 to 20 hours after ovulation, but there are exceptions to this. After the egg has been fertilized, no other sperm can enter it. The egg and the sperm each contribute to the child half of its genetic material.
Books and articles suggest using acid or alkaline douches or changing the position and frequency or timing of intercourse to help alter the odds of having a boy or a girl. Unfortunately, the reproductive tract is more complex than the test tube, and many studies have given conflicting results. There is a laboratory technique to separate Y sperm (male) from X sperm, and the desired sex sperm can then be injected via artificial insemination into the woman’s vagina. (The technique does not give an absolute separation.) It is about 75 percent successful in producing a male, less so in producing a female.
Twinning may occur by two separate alterations in the reproductive process. Fraternal twins are the result of two eggs produce during the same month and fertilized by two different sperm. Identical twins occur when a single fertilized egg splits in half at an early stage of development. Identical twins are much less common than fraternal twins, occurring in about 1 out of 250 pregnancies. In approximately 1 out of 90 pregnancies a Fraternal twins are born. With the use of fertility drugs or when certain racial or hereditary factors exist the percent age is increasing . A woman who herself is a twin has an increased chance of having twins.